PBM-5A Mariner

The Martin PBM series began with their design of Model 162 in 1937. In June of that year the Navy placed an order for one prototype designated XPBM-1, followed in December with another for twenty PBM-1's. The XPBM flew for the first time on February 18, 1939. The first PBM-1 which was similar to the prototype flew on September 1, 1940. The main difference from the prototype was the addition of a dihedral on the horizontal tail surfaces. The PBM-2 was to have been a long range version fitted with an increased fuel capacity, but this version was never built. Contracts placed between November of 1940 and August of 1941 called for 379 PBM-3's and 180 PBM-4's however neither version was delivered to the Navy in its original form. 

The PBM-3 varied from the -1 in having enlarged, non-retractable floats, more powerful engines, lengthened engine nacelles and revised armament. The first 50 machines were completed as transports under the designation PBM-3R and delivered to the U.S. Naval Air Transport Service. These had their armament deleted, strengthened cargo floor, cargo loading doors and facilities for loading and handling cargo. Twenty passengers or a corresponding load of freight could be carried. The first reconnaissance-bomber version to be built in numbers was the PBM-3C, which began to appear in September of 1942. Surface radar was later installed in a large housing just aft of he flight deck. 272 -3C version were built then production was switched to the -3D of which 201 examples were built. The -3D version had increased horse power engines (Wright R-2600-22 of 2600 H.P.) driving 4 bladed props in place of the previous 3 blade. Apart from 330 gallon auxiliary fuel tanks which could be installed in the bomb-bays, all the fuel tanks were self sealing. Armor protection for the crew was increased and the power operated turrets each housed two 50-caliber machine guns with an additional 50 caliber being mounted in each beam position. The engine nacelle bomb bays could house 8 1,600-lb., 1,000-lb., or 500-lb. bombs or 12 100-lb. bombs, alternative loads being 8 650-lb. or 325-lb. depth bombs or 4 MK 13 mines. Two MK 13-2 torpedoes could be carried under the wings. 

The final wartime production version was the PBM-5 with R2800-34 engines rated at 2,100 H.P. The 2 XPBM-5 prototypes had flown in May of 43 and the order for production units placed on January 3, 1944. The PBM-5 was faster than the earlier Mariners. With a 4,000-lb. bomb load it attained a range of 2,480 miles. Defensive armament was similar to the -3D version. 589 were delivered to bring wartime production to 1,289 machines and to these were later added 36 examples of a post war development the amphibious PBM-5A

The Kit


The Minicraft PBM-5A comes in a large top opening tray type box made of thin corrugated cardboard. Inside the box one finds six sprues of parts molded in light gray. Four of the sprues are in separate bags while on bag contains two duplicate sprues. A single sprue of clear parts is in a separate bag. The surface has a relatively smooth matte finish with recessed panel lines which are nice and fine. Much finer than some of the recent kit by other manufacturers in this scale. The parts have almost no flash and I found no surface defects on any of the airframe parts. My only complaint is that the attachment points for a lot of the parts are a bit heavy so some care must used when removing them from the sprues. The kit also contains some parts that will not be used with this variant. The ailerons, elevators and rudders are separate and their fabric surface is subtle and very nicely done. The flaps are also separate and may be positioned up or down.
From the detail stand point the cockpit is well detailed for the scale with seats, rudder pedals, trim wheels and control columns. The compartment behind the cockpit is also pretty well detailed with a variety of radio and other electronic gear although not much of it will be seen once the fuselage is joined. There are some holes that will need to be opened depending on options. The wing bomb bays are well detailed and made up of six parts. No ordinance is supplied and if you want the bays open one needs to cut the bay doors in half. The engines are made of of separate front and back rows of cylinders, forward crankcase and your choice of opened or closed cowl flaps. The engines are a bit simplified as they have no push rods. Both three and four bladed propellers are supplied. The turrets have good enough detail for the scale. The turrets can be left off till after painting which is a nice feature. The wheels and tires are molded in halves. Lets look at the sprues.

There are two of the sprue shown below.

Clear parts are thin and at least the cockpit canopy is clear and distortion free, the other parts are clear enough but do have some optical distortion.


The decals are from Cartograph which means excellent ! Everything is in register, opaque and with minimal clear film. There are markings for two aircraft, one from 1945 nd one from 1947 with the only difference being bureau numbers and the red bar in the national markings. No other squadron markings and both are in tricolor markings. OK I guess but a bit lack luster.

The instructions are a twenty two page booklet in an A4 size. The front page has a brief history. The next seven pages are parts maps with notes at the end concerning building options. the next page starts with an icon chart then the assembly diagrams start and cover the ten pages in 26 steps. The last two pages are painting and marking instructions and the back page has some basic decal application instructions. The assembly diagrams are large and easy to read and feature color call outs by generic names and FS numbers if applicable.

After Market Goodies

Due to the rather bland markings supplied with the kit  I decided to pick up some after market decals from Caracal. The sheet provides markings for two PBY-5A's, two PBM-5's and a PBM-5S. Both of the PBM-5A's are overall dark sea blue, as is the PBM-5S, one of the PBM-5's is flat black overall and the one is in the tricolor scheme. The decals are thin, in register and opaque but have more clear film than the Cartograph decals. Since there were only 36 of the 5A's produced markings are some what limited.

I also opted for an Eduard Zoom photo etch set to dress up the interior a bit, it does include a few parts not included in the kit.

  

I also got Eduards seatbelt set, which I find a bit aggravating that these couldn't be included in the set above.

Conclusions

This kit was on Minicraft's list of coming new products for many years before finally being released. Had I know they were going to release a PBM-5 so soon after the -5A, I would have waited as there is a much larger choice of markings for the -5 including war time use. There is little difference appearance wise between the two other than the landing gear so I will most likely build this kit. It is a quite nice kit with nice surface detail and a reasonable amount of interior detail for the scale. Over all reports indicate that the fits together well with a few exceptions. It should be anything a competent modeler can't handle. The quick build review listed below illustrates a number of the problems and suggests fixes. The build review shows how one modeler dealt with the issues. Over all I give it high marks. It certainly is many times better than the old Mach 2 kit. Recommended !

Links to kit build or reviews

An in box review can be found here, a quick build to check for fit and problems can be found here and a build/review here.

References

"War Planes of the Second World War Volume 5, Flying Boats" by William Green

"Martin PBM Mariner" by Steve Ginter

"PBM Mariner in Action" by Bob Smith, Squadron / Signal publications Aircraft # 74

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Updated 12/12/17